4. Wording strategies for citations



You may word your in-text citation in several different ways to maximize the effectiveness of your writing.


a) The most straightforward method is to include the author's (or authors') last name and the page number(s) following the quotation, idea, or fact you are citing.

ExampleThere is not a strong correlation between a high GPA and students who began reading at an early age (Kahneman & Klein, 2009).


b) You may also refer to the author's name in the text of your paper. In this case, cite the date in parentheses following the author's name.

ExampleKahneman and Klein (2009) found that there is not a strong correlation between a high GPA and early readers.


c) If you are using a direct quotation, include the page number where the quotation can be found.

Example"The correlation between early reading and graduating GPA is not high" (Kahneman & Klein, 2009, p. 522).


adapted from: https://mc.libguides.com/edu6505/apa/intext



For paraphrasing the authors, you may use the words below.


 taken from the book Academic Writing Course

Last modified: Friday, 2 October 2020, 4:39 PM